Qatar is a hereditary constitutional monarchy governed by the founding and ruling Al Thani family. The rule is inherited by the son named as Heir Apparent by the Emir. The executive authority is vested in the Emir and the Heir Apparent, who are assisted by the Council of Ministers, or Cabinet, while the legislative authority is vested in the Advisory Council. The Judiciary is under the Supreme Judicial Council to maintain judicial independence and prevent undue interference in judicial affairs.
His Highness Sheikh Tamim Bin Hamad Bin Khalifa Al Thani, Emir of the State of Qatar and Commander-in-Chief of Qatar's armed forces. He was born on 3 June 1980 in Doha, was educated at Great Britain's Sherborne School in 1997, and graduated in 1998 from the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, the United Kingdom. His Highness was chosen as Crown Prince on 5 August 2003 and became Emir of Qatar on 25 June 2013.
The permanent constitution of Qatar was drafted on June 1999, under the auspices of Qatar's Father Emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani.
The tenets of the constitution are based on Qatar’s affiliation to the teachings of Islam and belonging to the Arab world. The constitution provides that Qatar is an independent sovereign state: its religion is Islam and Shari’a law is the main source of legislation, its political system is of democracy, its official language is Arabic, and the people are the source of powers. The Constitution provides for the establishment of the Advisory Council (Majlis-ash-Shura), two-third of the members are elected and the rest are appointed by the Emir.
Father Emir’s Qatar National Vision 2030
Qatar National Vision for the year 2030 aims for a comprehensive and sustainable development in all economic, social, human, and environmental fields, while preserving the traditions and abiding by the teachings of Islam. The Vision consists of developing national strategies to advance the standards of living and ensure welfare for the coming generations.