State of Qatar
The State of Qatar is at the forefront of progress, development, and change and continues to make dynamic efforts looking for best practices, accepting what is new, in accordance with Qatar’s Islamic identity and global spirit.
The State of Qatar is located at the middle of the west bay of the Arabian Gulf. The Qatar Peninsula is positioned towards north of the Arabia Gulf, with a number of islands on the water bodies surrounding the country. The Qatari Peninsula juts 160 km north into the gulf from Saudi Arabia. The country shares maritime borders with the United Arab Emirates, State of Bahrain, and Islamic Republic of Iran.
The total area of the state is 11, 521 km2 including the islands.
Geography The country consists of low, barren plain, except some western hills not exceeding 60 meters above sea level. The highest point in Qatar is in Tuwayyir al Hamir at 103 meters. Among the natural phenomena in the country: Al kheran, Al dawhat, Al khaljan, Al Riyadh, coastal and continental marshes.
Population Qatar has a population of 2,587,564 persons according to 31 May, 2016 statistics.
Languages Arabic is the official language of Qatar and English is the second language.
Religion Islam is the predominant religion and non-Muslims practice freely their faith.
Climate Qatar has an arid desert-like climate, characterized by hot summers and scarce rains, warm winters.
Local Time Qatar local time is 3 hours ahead of GMT.
National Day Qatar National Day is celebrated on December, 18th every year, a commemoration of the unity of the country under the leadership of Sheikh Jassim bin Muhammed Al Thani, the founder of the State of Qatar.
National currency Qatari Riyal (QAR)
The flag of Qatar is maroon which corresponds to the purple color extracted from purple dye-murex shells which, according to geologists, do not exist anywhere in the region except in Qatar. The white color reflects the internationally recognized symbol of peace, with nine-point serrated line indicating that Qatar is the 9th member of the “Reconciled Emirates” of the Arabian Gulf, following the conclusion of the Qatari-British treaty in 1916.
Doha.. Located halfway down the east cost of the Qatari peninsula. It is the capital city of the State of Qatar and its largest city with over 83% of the nation’s population residing in Doha. It is Qatar’s cultural and commercial center including main government offices, authorities, commercial and financial institutions, Doha Port, Doha International Airport, and Hamad International Airport.
Al Wakrah.. Located approximately 12 km south of Doha. Al Wakrah evolved as a commercial center with fishing activities and received an urban development plan in 2008 to be the sports city of Qatar. The city is known for its fine mosques and many houses reflecting the old Islamic architecture style.
Mesaieed.. Located in the southeast of Qatar, approximately 50km south of Doha. Mesaieed is Qatar industrial city in which petroleum industries are concentrated, with an oil-exporting port and a commercial port. It is also distinguished by its Sealine Beach Resort.
Al Khor.. A coastal city located in the northeast coast of Qatar, approximately 50km north of Doha. It was given the name “Al Khor” for its meaning: the arm of sea stretching in the land forming a bay. The bay is 3km long. The city is known for its historical mosques and buildings. Archeological investigations have found in Al Khor historical sequence dating back to the Stone Age and Bronze Age.
Ash-Shamal.. The northernmost point of the Qatar Peninsula. “City of the north” is an administrative center to many coastal villages. The city enjoys a quiet and nice atmosphere, and is distinguished by the existence of Al-Shamal Park and Al-Zubara Fort, which is one of Qatar most remarkable historical monuments.
Dukhan.. Lies in the western coast of Qatar, approximately 80 km northwest of the capital, Doha. It is among the first areas in Qatar involved in oil exploitation. The dukhan oil field shares a network with Mesaieed by means of natural gas exports pipelines.
Ras laffan.. Located north of Al Khor, approximately 85km north of Doha. It is Qatar second industrial city behind Mesaieed. The city area is 40km2 and is Qatar's main site for production and exportation of liquefied natural gas. Ras Laffan port is among the largest natural gas exports harbors in the world.